The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka are in the foothills of the Vindhya Mountains, 45 kms from Bhopal. There are five clusters of natural rock shelters, displaying paintings that from the Mesolithic Period to the historical period. These cave paintings show themes such as animals, early evidence of dance and hunting. The Bhimbetka site has the oldest-known rock art in India, as well as is one of the largest prehistoric complexes. In 1957 V. S. Wakankar along with a team of archaeologists discovered some of the rock paintings. But only in 1970s the true significance of Bhimbetka rock shelters were discovered and reported. Since then more than 750 rock shelters have been discovered out of which 243 shelters are in Bhimbetka region. The Others are in the rest 6 hills. It was declared as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 2003.
The Bhojshala or “Hall of Raje Bhoj” immediately next to the tomb of Kamāl Maula which was made of recycled temple columns and other architectural parts. Sanskrit and Prakrit inscription from the time of Arjunavarman of 11th Century was found in the walls of the mosque. The text on the walls of Hall of Raja Bhoj were parts of a drama called Vijayasrinatika composed by Madana, the poet and teacher in king Bhoja’s kingdom. These finds, particularly the grammatical inscription, prompted K.K. Lele, the Superintendent of Education in kingly state of Dhar, to name the building as Bhoj Shala, or 'Hall of Bhoja', in reference to King Bhoja. . Bhojshala is presently an archaeological site under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India.
Bagh caves are located about 90 kms away from the town of Dhar, on the slopes of the Vindhya hills. Though these monuments are known as Bagh caves, they are not caves but cavities curved out of vertical sandstone rocks rockface of a hill by master craftsmen on the far bank of river Baghani, a seasonal stream. The caves are a group of nine rock-cut monuments, built by the kings of Satavahana dynasty during the 5th to 7th century AD. These caves are actually Viharas, or resting places of Buddhist monks in the monastery. Only five of the the nine caves have survived with frescos, still visible on some of the walls of the caves.
Ashmadha means “seated in stone“. The Ashmadha Fossil park is 7 kms from Mandu. Priceless plants, animals, and marine remains predating even the Jurassic era abound in the Manawar and Gandhwani Tehsils of the district. The park has a huge collection of the fossils of dinosaurs, plants and eggs. These exquisite and rare fossils have attracted repeated expeditions of paleontologist from across the globe. At the initiative of the district administration, this unique museum has been set up in the picturesque fringe of the Kakrakhoh falls close to Mandu.
Mandu is an outstanding historical and romantic destination. Mandu is famous for the love between king Baaz Bahadur and Rani Roopmati. Due to the architectural excellence of Mandu, the city recently won the award for "Best Heritage City". Afgan architecture is used in the buildings and palaces of Mandu making it one of the most attractive tourist destinations of India.The baobab trees, native to Africa, add to the beauty of the place. Mandu, due to its strategic position and natural defences, was an important place for military outpost for rulers of that era. Mandu is encircled by 45 kms battlement walls with 12 gateways. Inside there are large number of palaces, mosques, Jain temples of 14th century and other buildings. Most famous of the monuments of Mandu are Rni Roopmati Mahal, Baz Bahadur Palace,Jami Masjid, Ashrafi Mahal, Hoshang Shah Tomb, Jahaz Mahal, Hindola Mahal, Ruins of Royal Palace, Ruins of Jal Mahal, Chappan Mahal etc.
The magnificient palace of Rani Ahilyabai Holkar in Maheshwar is also known as the Queen's fort. This fort was the administrative headquarter of Rani Ahilyabai during her reign. This fort and palace is situated on the banks of Narmada and attracts both tourists and pilgrims. Rani Ahilyabai in late eighteenth century decorated the city with many buildings and public works, and it is home to her palace, as well as numerous temples, a fort, and riverfront ghats, The fort and temples inside the fort are excellent in architectural marvel. The sunset on Narmada was excellent here.
Omkareshwar is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. It is on an island called Mandhata or Shivpuri in the Narmada river at Khandwa district in Madhya Pradesh. There are two main temples on the Narmada river, Omkareshwar temple in the island of Mandhta and the other, Mamaleshwar Shive temple, is on the main land on Narmada river bank, from where one has to cross the river to reach Omkareshwar. Omkareshwar means Lord of Omkara or Lord of OM sound and Mamaleshwar means Lord of Immortals or Lord of Gods.
Ujjain is a famous Hindu pilgrimage centre with the Kumbh Mela held here every 12 years. It is the 5th largest city in Madhya Pradesh. An ancient city situated on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River, Ujjain was the most prominent city on the Malwa plateau of central India for much of its history. Ujjain is known as the temple city for its numerous temples from different eras. We visited Mahakaleshwar temple, Ram Ghat, Har Siddhi Maata Temple, Bhatrihari Cave, Kal Bhairav Temple, Isckon Temple andKalideh Palace and temple.
Indore is the most populous and the largest city of Madhya Pradesh, situated by the banks of two rivulets – Saraswati and Khan. Indore is famous for its culinary culture which is a mixture of Maharashtrian, Malwi, Rajasthani and Gujarati influences. Two of the most noteworthy street food places in Indore are Chappan Dukan and Sarafa Bazaar. We visited Khajrana Ganesh Temple, Krishnapura Holkar Chatris, Rajwada, Lalbagh Palace, Annapurna Temple, Shani temple.
Madhya Pradesh is in the centre of India and is also called the heart of India. This state is famous for its culture, history and nature. Madhya Pradesh is the second largest Indian state by area bordered by the states of Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan. We visited most of the worth seeing places like Indore, Ujjain, Omkareshwar, Khandwa, Maheshwar, Mandu, Ashmadha Fossil park, Bagh Caves, Dhar, Bhimbetka Rock Shelters, Bhojeshwar Shiva Temple, Bhopal, Sanchi, Udaigiri, Pachmarhi, Jabalpur, Amarkantak, Kanha, Khajuraho, Orchha and Gwalior.